A game played and evolved by many generations in the history

2 December 2021 — by _Fabio_Guaricci


Ludo is a game played and evolved by many generations in the history. The first ever version known as “Pachisi” was created in India in the 6th century. The earliest evidence of this game’s evolution in India is the depiction of boards on the caves of Ellora. The original also referred as “Chaupar”, is very famous to be played in Mahabharat where Pandavas lost all their wealth when they lost in game.


a game that teaches us, to deal with our luck.

The contemporary version, Chaupar was played with the shells they find in the sea. Number of shells with top side visible is the number of moves you get for your pieces. Next, Pachisi was modified to play with a cubic die with dice cup and it was further patented as “LUDO” in England in 1896. The royal navy took Ludo and converted it into board game “Uckers”.

As most of us know that, typical ludo board is colored bright yellow, green, red and blue. Each player has four tokens and the goal of the game is to make sure you reach your color home with all four tokens first. There are some safe places where you can’t be killed, while on your journey you kill other players token to move ahead faster and the dice decided how many steps to move.

Ludo is a game played and evolved by many generations in the history teaches us many things, starting from just basic counting to motor skills for young kids to managing multiple tokens and understanding the permutations and combinations of the number rolled on dice. Taking quick decisions in order to move forward. Always look out for enemies they come from all directions. Luck is rarely going to work in your favor. Ludo caters to all age groups as there are so many hidden learning every time you play with it.

There are so many variants of the same game and game play all over the world. For example :

  • Uckers, British (a simple first design of ludo board game version)
  • Pachisi, Indian (a plus original version with 3 cubic dice)
  • Fia, Swedish (first wooden color verion)
  • Eile mit Weile (Haste makes Pace), Swiss (a jigsaw puzzple based foldable compact design)
  • Co ca ngua, Vietnamese (tokens as horses)
  • Parchis, Spanish (individual dice and a rolling containe incolved)
  • Parques, Colombian (a more graphical version of classic uckers)
  • Mens Erger Je Niet (Mate, Don’t get angry), Dutch (first ever 6 player version)
  • Kizma Birader, Turkish (often involves cards in place of dice with actions and rewards)
  • Coppit (Do not lose your head), German (a circular path based on the ludo adaptation)
  • Petits Chevaux (Little Cavalry), French (tokens shaped as horse, often involves betting)

Hasbro has designed multiple variants of the original Ludo, that has similar type of game play

  • Aggravation: available in 4 and 6 player version. Played with marbles and it has multiple number of dice. Shortcut routes are made to reach the home faster and in a clever way.
  • Headache: goal is to take different routes with the fixed dice in center and land on your opponents cones. Put your color on top higher number of times to win
  • Parcheesi: individual set of two dice, your opposite member is your team mate you both play with co-ordination and help each other win faster.
  • Sorry!: Sorry has a new designed layout with just the border path laid out in front to move forward.
  • Trouble (also called Kimble and Frustration): Trouble again has a fixed dice in center and a cones structure to hop on each other like Headache.
  • Aeroplan chess (Chinese version): It has more shortcuts and direct routes on the main board area that utilize the power of flying.

With different versions, come different rules in all parts of the world including the changes in the main board, to changes in the dice, to changes in number of players, to changes in the safe places on board. Despite of creating so many versions the core of the game still remains same even after so many centuries. The fun that it brings to families and friends in infinite. And different designs that are created based on original version that keeps the essence of the game alive with providing themes and other play values. That is why Ludo is one such game that has been there for generation and is definitely not going anywhere.

Edited by – Jesal Patel


A kit designed to prepare you for your adulthood

22 October 2021 — by _Fabio_Guaricci


In this growing era, people are freer, more independent and have access to set of information thanks to the internet. But still there are some taboo topics that people still find it difficult to communicate and find answers to. One such topic is Sexual Health. Today we are going to talk about – IT KIT, a kit designed to prepare you for your adulthood.

Sex education helps people gain the information, skills and motivation to make healthy decisions about sex and sexuality. It s high quality teaching about a broad variety of topics, exploring values and beliefs about those topics and gaining skills that are needed to navigate relationships and manage one’s own sexual health. It usually takes place in schools, in community settings, or online.

Answering questions is a major part of sex education. Two rules cover the ground. First, always give a truthful answer to any question; secondly, regard sex knowledge as exactly like any other knowledge.

– Bertrand Russell

The IT KIT prototype was developed by a team at ISL as part of the Innovation Next initiative with The National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy and IDEO. It helps newly autonomous young women to be prepared for any sexual situations they would want to engage in. The idea is to create a box with safe sex products that evolves over user’s age and preferences. A chat bot (IVY) powered by artificial intelligence via text messages and an optional parent integration to facilitate open, informed conversations between parents and teens.

A kit designed to prepare you for your adulthood refers to the K-12 programs that cover a broad range of topics related to :

  1. Human Development (reproduction, puberty, sexual orientation and gender identity)
  2. Relationships (families, friendships, romantic relationships and dating)
  3. Personal skills (communication, negotiation and decision-making)
  4. Sexual behavior (abstinence and sexuality throughout life)
  5. Sexual Health (sexually transmitted diseases, contraception and pregnancy)
  6. Society and Culture (gender roles, diversity and sexuality in the media)

The content of the IT KIT are quite quirky in design language to engage and attract the eye of a viewer. Majorly they have deck of cards for important questions and answers on topics like, What is consent? How to use condom? What to do if condom breaks? They also have comic strips to add a bit of humor to the exchange of knowledge. For certain serious doubts the AI chats are very helpful to know your surroundings and get help if needed.

This kit helps, educates and protects teen girls during a pivotal time in their lives and be like a guardian angel to look out for you and make you feel safe. The awareness that comes from it is always an additional advantage and this kit also helps kids engage in smaller groups and have open minded conversations, At times, it has proved to be an educator for some parents, teachers and vital part of society. It’s high time we start learning and passing on these value added information long with the basic education.

The core team who completed research, interviews, and the Innovation Next process included Margot Mausner, Julian Gindi, and Maggie Gaudaen. They were also joined by several others who helped bring the project to life, Laura Pursel, Maggie Famiglietti, Thomas Degry and Zach Saale.

Edited by – Jesal Patel